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Commercial Education Society of Australia

Dr Clifford Wilson
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Dr. Clifford Wilson’s mother Mrs. Bell Wilson was a founding member of CESA, and had her own college for trainee typists and stenographers. Thus, as a teenager, Cliff became an expert in typing and Pitman’s shorthand. This proved very useful when he served during WW2 as an Action Recorder in the Admiral’s Office on HMAS Australia, as a Writer on other naval vessels, and then as a Hansard Reporter in the New Zealand Parliament. Then began his academic career. Cliff pursued degrees in arts and education at Sydney University and in the USA. Having completed a doctoral program, he was appointed to the Staff of the University of South Carolina and was later honoured as “An Outstanding Educator of America”. Back in Australia, Cliff engaged in research and teaching at Monash University for several years and also served as Director of the Australian Institute of Archaeology. With additional accredited degrees in Divinity and Religious Education, in more recent years he devoted his time to field work, lecturing, writing, theological education, and making programs for radio broadcast. During this time he resided in Melbourne, and communicated with CESA by ‘snail mail’ and email.

We were deeply saddened by the loss of Dr Wilson. Condolences were sent to the Wilson family from the Commercial Education Society of Australia Board and its members. Dr Wilson was a member of the CESA Board from 2011 to 2012. He was the longest serving member of the Society. He had an innate belief in commercial education and training and during his lifetime he had been an advocate and supporter of the opportunities that it could offer to learners at all levels. I knew Dr Wilson as did all the McKenzie family involved with the Society, and was fortunate to meet his mother, Belle Wilson, on many occasions at the Society’s meetings and conferences.

‘And death is nothing
But stopping breathing’

Douglas Stewart, The Fire on the Snow (1941)

Read Dr Bryant Wood’s reflections on Dr Clifford Wilson’s life and ministry at biblearchaeology.org.

Notable Psychological Differences Between Men and Women
Dr Clifford Wilson

(Please note that generalisations are only a guide to major characteristics and are not to be rigid expectations for every case because of a wide variety of differences among individuals.)

There are some outstanding differences — psychologically — between women and men.

(1) A man tends to see a whole picture, whereas a woman sees details. Over and over again, a woman cannot give a simple yes or no answer, but has to go into all sorts of descriptive expressions. A man should understand that; and a woman should also recognise that the man does not necessarily want all those details.

Allied to that is (2) the reality that a man often thinks “facts”, whereas a woman “feels” that something is right. This is something that should be understood by both parties. There is a sense in which a woman tends to have an intuition as to a thing being right, where a man will be more likely to consider the facts in a logical sense. That leads to the concept that (3) a man is likely to be more objective and directive, whereas a woman is likely to be more subjective, seeing things not necessarily according to the logical statement of facts but according to that subjective analysis of her own.

(4) Over and over again a man tends to make decisions relatively easily, whereas a woman will lack the self-assurance that is likely to be the case with men. (5) A fifth basic difference is that men are relatively emotionally stable, whereas women are relatively emotionally volatile. Of course, there are wide variations among men as a group and among women as a group; but there is still truth in the generalisation.

(6) Usually a man will have a clear goal orientation, whereas a woman will think more in terms of relationships. Her relationships with others will be warm and human, as distinct from the impersonal concepts of the goals that a man sets. (7) A man is said to be realistic, even materialistic; whereas a woman is more likely to be idealistic and longing for things as she would hope them to be.

(8) Many accept that a man could be more ‘nomadic’ than a woman, not placing the same emphasis on security that the woman does, whereas she is longing for something that is permanent. She wants something that she can regard as her own, a home that will be hers even in retirement, a husband who will be a permanent support for her. She has a desire to look for strength in another, to be supported, to be secure, to know permanency.

Another point of comparison is that (9) a man is supposedly modest in the things of the soul, whereas a woman is more modest in the things of the body. The man is far more likely to think little of privacy in matters of the body than the woman. On her part, the woman has a sense of restraint when it comes to matters of the body. So the man is not as ready to talk about his soul’s eternal destiny as the woman, and the man is very much more ready to talk about bodies, especially a woman’s body.

There are other practical differences. One is that (10) the woman is more likely to be stimulated by touch than by looking, whereas a man can be stimulated merely be sight — a very great difference that should be kept in mind by a woman as to the clothes she wears, for sensuous appearance can stimulate a man in a way that would not be true of a woman who saw a man lightly clad. In fact, a woman seeing a man’s attractive body does not necessarily think of him with sexual desire, even though there might be admiration towards that body. Natural man on his part sees an attractive woman’s body and his carnal reaction is one of sexual desire. Problems can begin when a man allows this concept of sensuality to become unbalanced.

Speaking broadly, (11) men have aggressive drives more than women do and are more likely to be motivated to reach the top of their particular professions. Women have corresponding abilities but do not always have the drive that men have — remembering that we are speaking of the norm and not of the exceptional cases. The male is prepared to experiment and to explore, to direct and to create in areas of human endeavour, partly because such goals lend a challenge and reaching the top is more important to most men than it is to women.

(12) A man wants to do, while a woman wants to be. Most women find fulfilment in being rather than doing. This does not imply a secondary role, but normally it leads to greater fulfilment than when the roles are reversed. We do not, however, endorse the attitude of subservience expected by some husbands of their wives. Nor do we consider that a woman should be regarded merely as a sex symbol who might also have responsibilities in the home, especially with the rearing of children. Women generally have a strong emotional drive as well as the biological equipment required for the bearing of children, rearing them, and watching their development. A woman employed outside the home will still usually exhibit priority interest in her children.

The foregoing reproduces most of the opening paragraphs of Dr. Wilson’s Chapter 7 in Sex Differences From A Christian Perspective, first published around 1985. Every thinking human being would accept that men and women (women and men, if you like) can appreciate each other more and can work together better when they understand “how people tick”. Especially professionals in education, commerce, politics, business and welfare will benefit from using the information shared above as an introduction to an on-going study of the two major segments of humanity.~Ron Suter.

Dr Clifford Wilson
M.A., B.D., M.R.Ed., Ph.D.,
Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society

© Copyright CESA November 2012